George Croner details the history, structure, legal requirements, and intelligence value of the Section 702 surveillance program and explains why the reauthorization of Section 702 is both perpetually challenging—and particularly challenging in 2023. Croner identifies the most likely criticisms of Section 702 and examines the sources and merits of these critiques including in light of… Continue reading FISA Section 702’s Challenging Passage to Reauthorization in 2023
Predictive policing tools used widely by law enforcement agencies attempt to identify where crime will happen before it does. These analyses determine police deployment, and ultimately, arrest data. In this article, Ben Winters highlights how risk assessment tools use that data, combined with various other inputs, to determine detention, bail, sentencing, parole, and more which… Continue reading Layered Opacity: Criminal Legal Technology Exacerbates Disparate Impact Cycles and Prevents Trust
In 2012, Russia passed its first-ever Foreign Agent Law, which western analysts described as an attempt to stymie civil society. Russia argued that it modeled its Law after the American Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA). Samuel Rebo describes how on their face the laws seem similar, while their implementation has differed. While Russia has actively… Continue reading FARA in Focus: What Can Russia’s Foreign Agent Law Tell Us About America’s?