The ICC and Environmental Protection: Prosecuting Environmental War Crimes in Ukraine

Caitlyn Johnson analyzes how environmental damage could potentially be prosecuted as war crimes by the International Criminal Court. Johnson begins by noting how international armed conflicts have impacted the environment and summarizing previous efforts to hold states accountable for environmental damage. Johnson then looks at Ukraine as an example of extensive environmental damage in war… Continue reading The ICC and Environmental Protection: Prosecuting Environmental War Crimes in Ukraine

The Protection of Nationals Abroad and Non-Combatant Evacuation Operations in Times of Crisis

Ronald Alcala and Hitoshi Nasu discuss the legal basis for conducting non-combatant evacuation operations (NEO), a type of military operation conducted in a foreign state’s territory, designed to protect and rescue the operating state’s nationals. The legality of such operations has been debated for decades, and the potentially associated legal constraints surrounding them may hinder… Continue reading The Protection of Nationals Abroad and Non-Combatant Evacuation Operations in Times of Crisis

The Case for Attempted Perfidy: An “Attempt” to Enhance Deterrent Value

Mitigating the risk of deliberate attacks against civilians and other individuals protected by international humanitarian law is among the most fundamental objectives of international legal regulation of armed conflicts. Central to this risk mitigation is the categorical prohibition against deliberately attacking civilians and other protected individuals (unless and for such time as they directly participate… Continue reading The Case for Attempted Perfidy: An “Attempt” to Enhance Deterrent Value