Spying & Fighting in Cyberspace: What is Which?


Brown presents the nuances of cyberespionage versus cyberattacks that are becoming more pervasive in the national security context. He defines the differences between the two, and proposes a method of analyzing cyberspace operations to properly categorize them. Then, using an extended hypothetical and several real-life examples, Brown illustrates how dangerous cyber operations can be, and the need to properly define them so as to respond most effectively.

By Gary D. Brown

Col. Gary D. Brown (USAF, Ret.) is a former Senior Legal Advisor at US Cyber Command (2010-2012). He is now a professor of cybersecurity at Marine Corps University.

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